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Ancient India
Indus Valley Civilization



Indus Valley Civilization
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.84

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    same-sized, subcontinent, scant, decipher, navigate, further, unveil, groundbreaking, economic, notion, religion, newly, civilization, endless, link, linger
     content words:    Central Asia, Indus River, Persian Gulf


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Indus Valley Civilization
By Vickie Chao
  

1     A long, long time ago, there was a group of people called the Aryans. The Aryans were possibly from southern Russia and Central Asia. As nomads, they never liked to linger in one place. Instead, they much preferred to herd their animals by moving them from one spot to another. About 3,600 years ago, the Aryans decided to change their lifestyle. They wanted to give up endless wandering. They wanted to have a permanent settlement that they could call home. When they arrived in India, they did exactly that. As the Aryans learned to adapt to their new environment, they brought with them their religion and customs. Their culture later became the foundation of the Indian culture and led people to believe that it was India's oldest civilization.
 
2     That notion changed completely in 1921!
 
3     In 1921, archaeologists unearthed two ancient cities - Harappa and Mohenjo-daro - near the Indus River. Both sites predated the Aryans' settlement by about 1,000 years. The discovery, undoubtedly, was a surprise to everybody. Right away, it pushed the Indian history back even further than it already was. Scholars around the world termed the newly found culture "the Indus valley civilization." Some also called it "the Harappan civilization" because Harappa was the first city the archaeologists dug out.

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