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Print Champlain's Quebec Reading Comprehension
||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 3 to 5
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||dowry, feudal, filles, heading, palisade, year-round, treaty, moat, province, drawbridge, abundance, plots, supplies, settlement, cheap, several
||Many French, Lawrence River, Roman Catholic Church, In Europe, In Canada, One Hundred Associates, New France, Hundred Associates
By Mary Lynn Bushong
1 The first explorers from France discovered an abundance of furs in the Americas. It was not long before furs became the most important article of trade.
2 France wanted the money from furs. Many French explorers and traders came to America to get as much fur as they could. One of those explorers was Samuel de Champlain.
3 In 1608, he was asked to help start a new settlement. This was also to be the first year-round trading post.
4 This new settlement was built where the St. Lawrence River narrowed. In the native tongue, the place was called Kebec for "narrow river."
5 Quebec had a good harbour for ships. It was also the perfect place for a town. There was good land for farming. There were trees for lumber.
6 The people built a place to live. It was one large building. There were places for the people to live. There was also room to store furs and food. It was called the "Habitation." A wooden palisade went around the building. A moat went around the fence. A drawbridge let people in and out.
7 The first winter, several people died. They needed more people to help the colony. It began to grow slowly. Soon they were able to grow more food, but it wasn't enough.
8 In 1627, some big changes were made. The Roman Catholic Church was given a large part of the good land. The church chose the people to control it. Those people broke the big lots into smaller ones. Then men who wanted to farm could have plots.
9 This was how land was divided in Europe. In Europe, it was called the feudal system. In Canada, it was called the seigneurial system.
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