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Animal Themes
Amphibians
Salamanders



Salamanders
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.49

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    housing, burning, cannibalistic, distasteful, lizard-like, lungless, mudpuppy, pre-occupied, red-spotted, tamper, unharmed, untrue, defy, scale-less, terrestrial, unfounded
     content words:    In Greek


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Salamanders   

1     Back in ancient times, people believed that there was a lizard-like creature that could defy fire. Indeed, as they threw a log onto a fire, they often found a mysterious animal crawling out from the burning log unharmed. Amazed, they gave this unknown animal a Greek name "salamander." In Greek, the word literally means "fire lizard."
 
2     But this legend has two unfounded facts. The first is that salamanders are not lizards. Related to frogs and toads, salamanders belong to the group of amphibians. Like their hopping relatives, salamanders have moist, scale-less skin. This physical feature marks the biggest difference between amphibians and reptiles. Reptiles (lizards, crocodiles, turtles, and snakes) have dry, tough, scaled skins.
 
3     As for salamanders' rumored ability to defy fire, it is also untrue. Salamanders prefer damp, protected places. Logs are definitely high on their list of housing options! When we see them emerging from flaming logs, they are really running for their lives, not trying to tamper with fire.

Paragraphs 4 to 7:
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Animal Themes
             Animal Themes


Amphibians
             Amphibians



Animals
    Amphibians  
 
    Birds  
 
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    Insects  
 
 
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    Polar Regions  
 
    Rain Forest  
 
    Reptiles  
 


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