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Seahorses



Seahorses
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.47

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    chessboard, pipefish, tube-like, mounted, seahorses, seahorse, focus, equal, horse-like, seawater, shallow, turret, such, variety, disperse, believe


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Seahorses   

1     In shallow, warm seawater, there lives the most unique fish! At first glance, this tiny animal doesn't look like a fish at all! Instead, it looks like a piece taken straight from a chessboard! This amazing creature is the seahorse.
 
2     As the name suggests, seahorses do have horse-like faces. Their bodies are encased in rings of bony plates. They look like armored knights. There are over 35 different species of seahorses. All of them are great masters of disguise! Seahorses have vivid skin colors. They blend in with their colorful surroundings of seaweed or coral. To help keep from being spotted by hungry fish or crabs, seahorses can stay motionless in the water. They use their long, curly tails as anchors to hold onto blades of sea grass. When they do move around, they swim upright very slowly.
 
3     Seahorses feed on plankton, small fish, and tiny crustaceans, such as shrimp. They are not speedy swimmers. They don't chase after their food. Instead, they take the "stand-and-wait" approach. When seahorses see food coming near, they rely on their camouflage to hide them. Once their prey is close enough, seahorses simply suck it up with their long, tube-like snouts. Seahorses are careful animals. As much as they focus on hunting, they pay equal attention to avoiding predators. How can they do that? Seahorses have their eyes mounted on turrets. Each turret can turn in different directions. This allows seahorses to use one eye to search for food and the other to look out for danger.

Paragraphs 4 to 5:
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Animal Themes
             Animal Themes


Fish
             Fish


Oceans
             Oceans


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    Oceans  
 
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