Sample Carbohydrates Worksheet
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1 If our body is a car, carbohydrates are gasoline. Without gasoline, a car cannot move. Similarly, without carbohydrates, we don't have enough energy to do anything! Recognizing how important carbohydrates are, scientists allocate the base, which is also the largest part, of the food guide pyramid to carbohydrates. The food guide pyramid, designed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health and Human Services, is meant to help Americans to understand how to maintain a balanced diet.
2 Now we know that carbohydrates are an important energy source to our bodies, as each gram of carbohydrates generates four calories. But, what are carbohydrates? In the simplest form of explanation, carbohydrates are sugars. There are two types of sugars -- simple sugars and complex sugars. Likewise, there are two types of carbohydrates -- simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates.
3 Simple carbohydrates (or simple sugars) are made up of one or two sugar units. Table sugar, honey, jelly, fructose (sugar from fruit), lactose (sugar from milk), syrup, candy, and other sweets are all examples of simple carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates (or complex sugars) are made up of hundreds or thousands of sugar units. They reside in starchy food, such as pasta, bread, potatoes, cereals, rice, and other grains.
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