The Artistry of Water
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||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 5 to 7
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||artistry, steeper, rainstorm, sediment, imagine, design, material, commercial, landscape, announcer, ongoing, banks, moraine, erosion, power, colossal
||United States, Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Ice Age
The Artistry of Water
By Trista L. Pollard
1 Imagine you are watching television and you hear the announcer say, "The Earth's beautiful landscape has been brought to you by water!" Chances are you will not hear a commercial like that on television, but it is true that water plays a big role in forming the Earth's beautiful landscape.
2 Moving water on the Earth's surface is like the flowing of paint on an artist's canvas. Given time and patience, both have the ability to produce masterpieces. The power of flowing water over time produces changes on the Earth's surface through the process of erosion. After a rainstorm, some of the water is absorbed into earth materials like rocks and soil. The rest of the water that is not absorbed flows across the ground into streams, rivers, and oceans. As the water flows across the Earth's surface, it erodes or wears away the land and rocks. Rocks, soil, and other earth materials are washed away as water designs a new landscape.
3 In the western part of the United States, one of our most beautiful landforms was created this way. The Grand Canyon was formed by water from the Colorado River eroding the soil and rocks from the surrounding land over millions of years. The eroded sediment was transported downstream and deposited at the mouth of the river in the Gulf of California. Water continues to wash away rocks and soil from the banks, or sides, of the Colorado River, and other rivers all over the world each day. Eventually, flowing water carries sediment all the way to the ocean. Water also erodes hills and mountains when rain or melting snow flow down the sides. The ocean's waves pound cliffs and boulders on the coast into sand. These waves also transport sand from the coastline back into the ocean. Beach erosion is an ongoing concern for home and business owners around the world.
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