Did you know that you live on the Earth's crust? Just like bread has a crust on the outside, so does our planet. The Earth's crust is made of rock. It goes from 4 to 25 miles thick in different places. That is much too far for us to dig! The deeper into the Earth we go, the hotter it gets. Under the crust is the mantle [MAN-tull]. The heat within the mantle melts rock! Can you imagine that? If you were to put a rock in a campfire, it would get hot, but it would not melt. It is much hotter than a campfire deep inside the Earth.
Another name for melted rock is magma [MAG-muh]. You may not have heard of magma, but you probably know what magma is called when it comes out of the earth. It is called lava! It is the color of fire - red, orange, and yellow.
A volcano [vall-KAY-no] is a mountain made of lava. The magma flows up through a crack or hole -- called a vent -- in the Earth's crust. .....For the complete story with questions: click here for printable