Let's practice ratios! On pages 1 and 2 of the workbook, read the clues and help Farmer Horatio fill the milk crates with the correct ratios of various types of milk. On page 3, Bonnie has five garden plots for three types of peas. Help her complete the planting plan.

Teach ratios by first introducing the concept as a comparison between two related quantities. This can be done using real-world examples, such as comparing the number of boys to girls in the class or comparing the number of apples to oranges in a fruit basket. Visual aids like graphs or images can support these examples, making the concept more tangible.

Students should learn the fundamental concept of ratios, including what they are and how to use them. A ratio is a way to compare quantities of two different things. For example, suppose there are 3 apples and 2 oranges. In that case, the ratio of apples to oranges is 3:2. At this level, they should be able to simplify ratios, understand the concept of equivalent ratios, and use ratios to solve practical problems.

1. Definition of Ratios: Introduce what ratios are and explain that they represent a comparison of two or more numbers, quantities, or values.

2. Writing Ratios: The students should learn how to write ratios in different ways, such as fractions (1/3), colons (1:3), or words (one to three). This might seem like a lot, but once you understand the concept, you'll see that it's just a different way of expressing the same comparison. This will give you the confidence to use ratios in any form that suits your needs.

3. Equivalent Ratios: The teacher must cover the equivalent ratios, which express the same relationship or value, even though they may look different.

4. Simplifying Ratios: Reducing ratios to their smallest form is an important concept to teach.