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The 2000's
GIOVE Satellites Pave the Way for Galileo

The 2000's
The 2000's


GIOVE Satellites Pave the Way for Galileo
Print GIOVE Satellites Pave the Way for Galileo Reading Comprehension


Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 8 to 10
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.99

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    nanosecond, payload, navigator, minimum, receiver, reflector, rocket, astronomer, usable, longitude, radiation, antenna, solar, navigate, launched, technology
     content words:    Global Navigation Satellite System, Galileo Galilei, United States, Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, Baikonur Cosmodrome, United Kingdom


GIOVE Satellites Pave the Way for Galileo
By Sharon Fabian
  

1     In 2005, Europe launched the satellite that would be the first part of the newest and most up-to-date Global Navigation Satellite System. This new system would be known as Galileo.
 
2     It is named after the famous astronomer and navigator Galileo Galilei. Galileo discovered the first four moons of Jupiter. He discovered that the four moons could be used as a clock and that they could also be used to determine longitude here on Earth. His discoveries helped sailors in ancient times to navigate the seas, so his name is a perfect choice for the newest global navigation system.
 
3     There are already other navigation systems in place. GPS systems are used in the United States, and GLONASS systems are used in Russia. When it is completed, Galileo will work with these two other systems. It can also be used independently if needed. Europe will no longer have to depend on using the U.S. or the Russian system.
 
4     The satellite launched in 2005 was named GIOVE A. GIOVE stands for Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element. It was the first of many satellites in the Galileo project. A second satellite, GIOVE B, was launched in 2008. Both satellites were launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Both traveled into space on a Soyuz rocket.
 
5     Each satellite has a central part packed with equipment. On both sides, stretching out like the wings on an airplane, there are large solar panels. The satellites carry a payload including an antenna, a signal generating unit, atomic clocks, a radiation monitor, a navigation receiver, and a laser reflector.

Paragraphs 6 to 11:
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The 2000's
             The 2000's


United States
             United States


    American Government  
 
    Black History and Blacks in U.S. History  
 
    Children in History  
 
    Government Careers  
 
    Hispanic Heritage  
 
    How Can I Help?  
 
 
    Immigration  
 
    National Parks and Monuments  
 
    Native Americans  
 
    Presidents of the United States  
 
    Women's History  
 


United States History
    A Nation Divided
(1840-1861)
 
 
    A New Nation
(1776-1830)
 
 
    After the Civil War
(1865-1870)
 
 
    American Revolution  
 
    Cold War
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    Colonial America (1492-1776)  
 
    Lewis and Clark
(1804-1806)
 
 
    Pearl Harbor  
 
    Spanish American War (1898)  
 
    The 1890's  
 
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    The 2000's  
 
    The Civil War
(1861-1865)
 
 
    The Great Depression
(1929-1945)
 
 
    The United States Grows
(1865-1900)
 
 
    The War of 1812  
 
    Wild, Wild West  
 
    World War I
(1914-1918)
 
 
    World War II  
 


50 States

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