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Social Studies Biographies
|edHelper's suggested reading level:||grades 5 to 7|
|Flesch-Kincaid grade level:||5.61|
By Jennifer Kenny
1 Erik Erikson was a psychoanalyst. He was best known for his eight stages of development. His work has been used in the classroom as well.
2 Erik Erikson was born on June 15, 1902, in Germany. Early on, Erik studied painting. Later, he started a small children's school in Vienna along with others. This led to training with Anna Freud. He also received a Montessori diploma. In 1933, he graduated from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute.
3 In 1930, Erik Erikson married. He and his wife had three children: Kai, Jon, and Sue. In 1933 after Hitler came to power, Erik and his family came to the United States. Here Erik began a private practice. He also had various research jobs at Harvard Medical School from 1934-1935, Yale School of Medicine from 1936-1939, and many other fine schools.
4 Erikson wanted to know how society affects children. He was known for studying groups of Native American children, specifically Sioux children, on a reservation. He thought that culture and the outside world affected children's behavior. In fact, he felt body, mind, and culture were all at work in every single child.
5 Erikson's theory was meant to explain a person's development. He felt that the early experiences that a child has can shape his or her personality forever. That is true whether those experiences are good or bad. As a result, he came up with eight psychosocial stages from birth to death. Each stage has one major conflict with two possible outcomes.
Paragraphs 6 to 15:
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