Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Reading Comprehension Worksheets
After the Civil War
(1865-1870)

The Brooks and Baxter War

After the Civil War<BR>(1865-1870)
After the Civil War
(1865-1870)


The Brooks and Baxter War
Print The Brooks and Baxter War Reading Comprehension


Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.49

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    flatboat, re-claimed, reintegration, sympathizers, governorship, determined, bloodshed, abolition, bribery, corrupt, brigadier, congressman, sole, carpetbag, liberal, dealt
     content words:    Baxter War, Civil War, Fourteenth Amendment, Reconstruction Acts, Confederate Army, Northern Republicans, Arkansas Constitution, Democratic Party, Arkansas Republicans, Powell Clayton


The Brooks and Baxter War
By Joyce Furstenau
  

1     Contested elections are nothing new in the history of America but few ended in a war. In 1874, a political struggle in Arkansas festered over the 1872 election of governor of Arkansas. Within two years, a war broke out over this election. The Brooks and Baxter War took place during April and May of 1874.
 
2     Arkansas was part of the Confederacy during the Civil War. The issues that separated the North from the South had not easily been put to rest. The "reconstruction" of the South started with a series of laws passed by Congress. These laws dealt with reintegration of the eleven Confederate states. The laws included ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment. (The amendment guarantees all citizens, regardless of race or color, equal protection under the Constitution.) The Reconstruction Acts also gave voting rights to all men. The white Southerners who had held office or served in the Confederate Army lost their voting rights temporarily as "punishment" for their participation in the Confederacy.
 
3     Northern Republicans came to Arkansas to "help" in the rebuilding process after the war. These northerners who came with nothing more than a suitcase (called a "carpetbag") were called "Carpetbaggers" by many Southerners. They felt their sole intent was to further take advantage of the already defeated South. The Unionists were people living in the South who supported abolition during the Civil War. These northern sympathizers were called "scalawags." The reconstruction changes in the new Arkansas Constitution severely reduced the power of the Democratic Party. As a result, several Unionists were elected to office in Arkansas.
 
4     Head of the Arkansas Republicans, Powell Clayton was elected governor in 1868. He was not a native of the state. He had been a brigadier general in the Union Army stationed in Arkansas. Many Arkansas citizens believed that Powell Clayton was corrupt. Several of his actions bordered on the illegal, including bribery and voter fraud. The Republican Party had begun to fracture. During the 1868 presidential elections, violence broke out and a Republican congressman was assassinated. Clayton declared martial law in fourteen counties to suppress the uprisings. He also cancelled elections in several counties because of the violence. This no doubt affected the outcome of the presidential election since many of those who opposed Ulysses Grant were in these districts.

Paragraphs 5 to 11:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable



Weekly Reading Books

          Create Weekly Reading Books

Prepare for an entire week at once!


Feedback on The Brooks and Baxter War
Leave your feedback on The Brooks and Baxter War  (use this link if you found an error in the story)



After the Civil War
(1865-1870)

             After the Civil War
(1865-1870)



More Lessons
             High School Reading Comprehensions and High School Reading Lessons


United States
             United States


    American Government  
 
    Black History and Blacks in U.S. History  
 
    Children in History  
 
    Government Careers  
 
    Hispanic Heritage  
 
    How Can I Help?  
 
 
    Immigration  
 
    National Parks and Monuments  
 
    Native Americans  
 
    Presidents of the United States  
 
    Women's History  
 


United States History
    A Nation Divided
(1840-1861)
 
 
    A New Nation
(1776-1830)
 
 
    After the Civil War
(1865-1870)
 
 
    American Revolution  
 
    Cold War
(1947-1991)
 
 
    Colonial America (1492-1776)  
 
    Lewis and Clark
(1804-1806)
 
 
    Pearl Harbor  
 
    Spanish American War (1898)  
 
    The 1890's  
 
    The 1900's  
 
    The 1910's  
 
    The 1920's  
 
    The 1930's  
 
 
    The 1940's  
 
    The 1950's  
 
    The 1960's  
 
    The 1970's  
 
    The 1980's  
 
    The 1990's  
 
    The 2000's  
 
    The Civil War
(1861-1865)
 
 
    The Great Depression
(1929-1945)
 
 
    The United States Grows
(1865-1900)
 
 
    The War of 1812  
 
    Wild, Wild West  
 
    World War I
(1914-1918)
 
 
    World War II  
 


50 States

             Fifty States Theme Unit


Document Based Activities
      Document Based Activities



Copyright © 2017 edHelper