Parts of the Food Chain: Producers

Every living thing on our planet needs energy. Some animals consume energy. They eat plants or meat from prey to get it. Other living things produce their own energy. They are autotrophs, the primary producers in the food chain. Plants are producers. They create their own food through a process known as photosynthesis. Herbivores, or plant eaters, eat these primary producers and use the energy that they contain.

You see producers every day. Grass, flowers, and trees are all examples of primary producers that create their own food. There are also many producers that you can't see. Many producers live in the ocean. Phytoplankton are marine producers. Like land plants, they use carbon dioxide and energy from the sun to create the food necessary to sustain life. Algae is another producer. Algae grow in salty oceans and in fresh water. Fish, turtles, seals, and many other sea creatures eat algae. Insect larvae, .....

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