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Black History and Blacks in U.S. History


Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
Black History and Blacks in U.S. History



Charlayne Hunter-Gault
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Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.14

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    Charlayne, correspondent, desegregation, editorial, problem-the, renaming, society, racial, fortieth, homecoming, abuse, renamed, dormitory, anniversary, divorce, social
     content words:    Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Due West, South Carolina, Althea Ruth Brown, Charles Hunter, Brenda Starr, Henry McNeal Turner High School, Turner High School, Hamilton Holmes, Wayne State University
Charlayne Hunter-Gault

By Trista L. Pollard
1     It takes courage to be the first one or two to do something. Changing history has never been easy. Charlayne Hunter-Gault was one of two people who changed American history.
 
2     There was a time when schools in America were segregated. This meant that African-American children and white children could not go to school together. American colleges and universities were also segregated. Hunter-Gault grew up during this period. She was born on February 27, 1942, in Due West, South Carolina. She was the oldest of three children. Her parents were Althea Ruth Brown and Charles Hunter. Hunter-Gault and her family moved a lot during her childhood. Her father was an army chaplain. She lived briefly in California, Ohio, Indiana, and Alaska. Most of the time she and her two brothers lived in Georgia. They lived with her mother and grandmother in Covington and Atlanta, Georgia.
 
3     Hunter-Gault's grandmother influenced her love of journalism. Her grandmother taught herself to read. She would sit each day and read three newspapers. Hunter-Gault would sit beside her grandmother and read comic strips. Her favorite was Brenda Starr. Starr was a reporter who worked hard to get her story. Hunter-Gault had never seen black newspaper reporters. She did not see black reporters on television. However, she was determined to become a journalist.
 
4     Hunter-Gault started eighth grade in 1954 at Henry McNeal Turner High School in Atlanta. It was one of the top black high schools in Atlanta. During this year, she moved with her family to Alaska. Her father was stationed there. Hunter-Gault, her mother, and brothers returned to Atlanta after nine months. Her parents eventually got a divorce. She went back to Turner High School. She was a very active student. Hunter-Gault was in school clubs, on the student council, and on the school newspaper. She was also a top student and in the honor society. During her senior year she became homecoming queen. Hunter-Gault graduated third in her class in 1959.
 
5     While in high school, Hunter-Gault decided that she wanted to study journalism in college. The University of Georgia in Athens (UGA) had a strong journalism program. There was just one problem�the school did not admit black students. She and her classmate, Hamilton Holmes, applied to UGA in their senior year. Holmes was also a top student. He was number one in his senior class. Both also applied to other schools. Hunter-Gault and Holmes were turned down for admission to UGA. She went to Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, in the fall of 1959.

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Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
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United States
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United States History
    A Nation Divided
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(1865-1900)
 
 
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    Wild, Wild West  
 
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(1914-1918)
 
 
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