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National Heroes Day in Jamaica

National Heroes Day in Jamaica
Print National Heroes Day in Jamaica Reading Comprehension with Fifth Grade Work

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Print National Heroes Day in Jamaica Reading Comprehension

Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.38

     challenging words:    self-reliant, influential, origin, majority, racism, totally, imagine, opposition, fraud, slavery, education, schooling, purpose, self-reliance, group, independence
     content words:    Marcus Garvey, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Many Jamaicans, South America, Central America, Costa Rica, Universal Negro Improvement Association, New York City, Negro Factories Corporation, Black Star Line
National Heroes Day in Jamaica

By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
1     Imagine a group of people coming to your town or city. These people don't really look like you, they don't speak your language, and they don't seem to know much about your culture. Worst of all, they kidnap you, your family, some of your friends, and many others. They put you in chains and throw you in a damp, smelly boat, where you live for many weeks. When you're let off the boat, you're in a totally new land, forced to work on someone's farm. Hundreds of years pass, and people like you - your children, their children, and on and on - still live in this "new" land. What would you want them to do? Return to your home, from where you were kidnapped?
2     One man thought this way. He was a Jamaican, and his name was Marcus Garvey. He was of African descent - the child of slaves - who thought that Africans in the Americas should return to Africa. He believed that one of the greatest ends to slavery in the Americas was for slaves - and their descendants - to return to Africa. Marcus Garvey was an influential Jamaican who was named one of that country's national heroes.
3     Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica, on August 17, 1887. As a child, Garvey liked to swim and play cricket - a popular sport in British-controlled countries, as Jamaica was at the time. Marcus was born into a poor family, so he didn't have money to complete his education. He dropped out of school when he was 14.
4     At the time, Jamaica was a divided country. While the majority of the country's population was poor people of African origin (former slaves), British royals and rich white people ruled Jamaica. There wasn't much work for poor people in Jamaica. Many Jamaicans traveled to Central and South America to find work. What work they could find paid very little, and working conditions were often harsh.
5     After leaving school, Garvey went to work in his uncle's printing shop. Garvey lost his job there after a workers' strike. He went to live and work in Central America, in Costa Rica and Panama. Garvey was terribly upset by the working and living conditions of his fellow blacks in those countries. In both countries, Garvey started newspapers that spoke out about the poverty, bad working conditions, and racism that black people suffered in Central America. His opinions got him kicked out of Costa Rica.

Paragraphs 6 to 11:
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