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How Do Guide Dogs Do Their Job?

How Things Work
How Things Work

How Do Guide Dogs Do Their Job?
Print How Do Guide Dogs Do Their Job? Reading Comprehension with Sixth Grade Work

Print How Do Guide Dogs Do Their Job? Reading Comprehension

Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.42

     challenging words:    assist, impairments, selective, disobedience, assistance, mobile, command, crossing, visually, organization, qualify, disobey, raisers, evaluate, route, wherever
     content words:    Guide Dogs

How Do Guide Dogs Do Their Job?
By Sharon Fabian

1     Guide dogs assist blind people and people with visual impairments as they travel on foot. The dogs' assistance helps their handlers become more mobile and more independent.
2     The job of a guide dog is not an easy one and not just any dog can qualify for the job. Golden retrievers, Labradors, and German shepherds are often used as guide dogs, but dogs of other breeds may also be used. To be a good guide dog, a dog must have certain traits. It must be intelligent, be able to concentrate for a long time, have a good memory, and be in good health.
3     Dogs begin preparing to become a guide dog when they are just puppies. Future guide dogs are raised by loving families known as puppy raisers. Puppy raisers, often families with children, take in a puppy at about the age of eight weeks. They raise the puppy until it is about one and one-half years old.
4     Puppy raisers take good care of the puppies to be sure that they grow up healthy. They teach the puppies to obey simple commands. They also train the puppies to be comfortable in many surroundings.
5     The puppies are taught how to walk on a leash. They are taught to sit and stay and to obey other basic commands.
6     It is important for the puppy raisers to take the puppies out often. They must get them used to as many places as possible so that the puppies will be able to safely guide their future handlers wherever they need to go. Puppy raisers take the dogs on outings several times a week. They go to malls, construction sites, busy streets, and restaurants.
7     They take them where they can be around other dogs and other people.
8     When the puppies reach the age of about one and one-half years, they are ready to begin their guide dog training. At this time, they are returned to an organization such as Guide Dogs for the Blind. Although the puppy raisers are sad to give them up, they know that the puppies are leaving to do important work.

Paragraphs 9 to 16:
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