||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 6 to 8
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||glyphs, hypothesis, observatory, writing, aligned, arrival, Cenotes, classic, purpose, competitive, civilization, highly, provided, spiral, design, ancient
||ChichÃ©n ItzÃ¡, Yucatan Peninsula, El Castillo, Great Ball Court, El Caracol, Mysterious Writing, Sacred Cenote
Print Exploring ChichÃ©n-ItzÃ¡
By Sharon Fabian
1 ChichÃ©n-ItzÃ¡ is an ancient Mayan city on the Yucatan Peninsula. Archaeologists have discovered that a large community of Mayans lived, farmed, did business, and worshipped there during the classic period of the Mayan civilization. They learned that, around the year 600 AD, ChichÃ©n-ItzÃ¡ became a very prominent Mayan capital.
2 How did they learn all of this? They learned it bit by bit, studying each building in this magnificent, ancient city to see what clues each one had to offer.
3 Read on to learn about some of the most interesting buildings in ChichÃ©n-ItzÃ¡, and you will begin to understand how the ancient Mayans lived, too.
4 El Castillo is a pyramid with steps on all four sides. At the top is a temple to the winged serpent god, Quetzalcoatyl. The pyramid is designed so that twice a year on the spring and fall equinox the sun casts a shadow on the corner of the pyramid. The shadow looks like a winged serpent, and as the sun sets, the serpent can be seen slithering down the side of the pyramid.
5 The Temple of the Warriors is another Mayan temple at ChichÃ©n-ItzÃ¡. Like other Mayan buildings there, the Temple of the Warriors included design elements of Toltec origin. The Toltecs were earlier inhabitants of the Yucatan region. It is also a large, stepped pyramid. This one has rows of carved columns, each one representing a brave warrior.
Paragraphs 6 to 12:
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