African elephants are very large mammals. They are the largest animals on earth that live on land. An adult male can be twice as tall as a man and weigh six tons or more. Female elephants are called cows. Males are called bulls, and babies are called calves.
African elephants have very large ears. Some people think their ears are shaped like Africa. The large ears help keep the animals cool.
They have long trunks. They use their trunks to suck water and then spray themselves. This is another way they can keep cool. They also spray dust on their bodies to protect them from the hot sun. The trunks are used for many other things. The trunk is a nose for smelling and breathing. Elephants make a trumpeting sound through their trunks. Trunks are also used for drinking and grabbing things, especially food.