The Chinese New Year is an important holiday for Chinese people all over the world. It is also called the Spring Festival. Many people call it the Lunar New Year. It is a time to celebrate. Family gathers. Friends visit. The celebration includes food, dragon dances, and fireworks. Chinese New Year is not celebrated on January 1. It begins with the new moon that comes between January 21 and February 21. It ends on the fifteenth day of the first calendar month.
Chinese legend says that a mythical beast appeared. Its name was Nian. Nian means "year" in Chinese. Nian would come on the first day of every new year. It would eat livestock and crops. It would attack villagers. Villagers would put food outside their doors as a way to protect themselves. They hoped that Nian would eat the food instead of them.