Nunavut and Confederation

Nunavut's people has a long history. About 4,000 years ago the Dorset or Tuniit people moved across the tundra. They were thought to have crossed over from Russia.

Then about 1,000 years ago, a new people moved to the Arctic. They were called the Thule. They hunted whales. Then the climate cooled. Ice covered the ocean for much of the year. They could not use their boats. Instead of hunting whales, the people broke into smaller groups and hunted caribou and seals. These groups became the modern Inuit that are known today.

European explorers came to the Arctic. Soon after, traders came, too. They changed the lives of the Inuit forever. The Hudson's Bay Company had the largest effect on the Inuit.

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