The Nile River

The Nile is the longest river in the world. It flows all through Egypt, from south to north. The Nile River was very important to life in ancient Egypt. People called the river "Ar." That meant "black." Away from the Nile River Valley, most of Egypt was desert. Nothing could grow there. The desert was called "the red land."

The river flooded every year. The flood spread rich, black, fertile mud on the land along the river. It gave them food. People could grow crops in the rich soil. The people fished in the Nile. Reeds called papyrus grew along the river. Paper was made from papyrus. Boats were made from it, too.

The Nile gave people an easy way to travel. Boats were the best .....

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