Upper and Lower Egypt

Long, long ago, Egypt was divided. There were two kingdoms in Egypt. They were called Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Lower Egypt was the land around the mouth of the Nile River in northern Egypt. Upper Egypt was in the south.

It is believed that Meni, or Menes in the Greek language, was a king of Upper Egypt. Some say that Menes was also called Aha. He is believed to have conquered Lower Egypt around 3100 B.C. This would have made him the first king or pharaoh to control all of Egypt. This time in Egypt's history is known as the 1st Dynasty.

Experts are not sure that Menes really existed. Some believe that the first king was named Narmer. Some believe Menes and Narmer were the same man. Others disagree.

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