Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Reading Comprehension Worksheets
Soil
How Soil Is Made

Soil
Soil


How Soil Is Made
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A Short Reader

Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 3 to 5
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.24

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    decomposers, organic, silt, topsoil, soil, substance, living, microscope, calcium, roots, rocks, bits, humus, moles, waves, iron


How Soil Is Made
By Cindy Grigg
  

1     Soil contains living and non-living things. Some of the inorganic things in soil are minerals, clay, silt, and sand. These things began as rocks. Plant roots can break rocks apart. Water, wind, and ice break rock into smaller bits. Ocean waves break down rocks into small pieces called sand. Minerals, like calcium and iron, were once part of rocks. Rain water dissolves them, and they become part of the soil. Healthy plants need minerals just like you do!
 
2     Things that are living, or once were living, are called organic. In soil there are bits of rotted leaves and grass. There may be tiny pieces of dead insects. Earthworms, bacteria, and other small living creatures eat this organic matter. They turn it into a rich substance called humus. Humus helps to stick crumbs of soil together. It helps the soil hold water, too, almost like a sponge.
 
3     When animals die and are not eaten by another animal, their bodies rot. Scavengers like millipedes and decomposers like fungi and bacteria help break down the remains and add nutrients to the soil. Although plants make their own food, they need nutrients and minerals to live and grow. Humus gives topsoil a dark color and helps plants grow well.

Paragraphs 4 to 5:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable



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Soil
             Soil


Science
             Science


    Careers in Science  
 
    Caring for Earth  
 
    Clouds  
 
    Dinosaurs  
 
    Earth's Land  
 
    Earth  
 
    Earthquakes  
 
    Electricity  
 
    Energy  
 
    Erosion  
 
    Food Pyramid  
 
    Food Webs and Food Chain  
 
    Forces and Motion  
 
    Fossils  
 
    Health and Nutrition  
 
    How Things Work  
 
    Landforms  
 
    Life Science  
 
    Light  
 
    Magnets  
 
    Matter  
 
 
    Moon  
 
    Natural Disasters  
 
    Photosynthesis  
 
    Plant and Animal Cells  
 
    Plants  
 
    Rocks and Minerals  
 
    Science Process Skills  
 
    Scientific Notation  
 
    Seasons  
 
    Simple Machines  
 
    Soil  
 
    Solar System  
 
    Sound  
 
    Space and Stars  
 
    Sun  
 
    Tsunami  
 
    Volcanoes  
 
    Water Cycle  
 
    Water  
 
    Weather  
 



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